Happy Eid عيد سعيد عليكم

كل عام واهلي وإخواني وأخواتي آلمسلمات بخير . عيد سعيد عليكم, إن شاء الله.

I’d like to take this moment to wish all my Muslim brothers and sisters: a .blessed, jubilant and safe Eid-ul-Fitr

May Allah bestow his comfort and mercy to the suffering throughout the Muslim World and lavish our brothers and sisters with His infinite justice, security, peace and protection

Ottoman Caliphate Aided Ireland During Famine

Ottoman Caliphate Aided Ireland During Famine

On a recent trip to Turkey, President of Ireland, Mary McAleese expressed gratitude to the Turkish people for the humanitarian aid provided by the Islamic Khilafah to Ireland during the Great Famine, 160 years ago.

Turkish newspaper “Ikinci Vatan” reports that McAleese on her official visit to Turkey made the statement during her meeting with Turkish president Abdullah Gul and expressed the words of gratitude from the people of Ireland for humanitarian aid provided by Ottoman Caliphate.

During the period of 1840-1850, Ireland suffered the great famine, directly caused by the colonial policy of Great Britain who had occupied the territory.

In 1845, the onset of the Great Irish Famine resulted in over a million deaths. Ottoman Sultan Khaleefah Abdul-Majid I declared his intention to send 10,000 sterling to Irish farmers but Queen Victoria requested that the Sultan send only 1,000 sterling, because she had sent only 2,000 sterling herself.

The Sultan sent the 1,000 sterling but also secretly sent 5 ships full of food. The English courts tried to block the ships, but the food arrived in Drogheda harbor and was left there by Ottoman Sailors. Due to this the Irish people, especially those in Drogheda, are friendly to the Turks. note football crest below.

In 1845, the 10,000 pounds dedicated to the Irish from the Sultan would be worth approximately 800,000 pounds today, that is $1,683,280 US Dollars. On the other hand, the Queen gave the equivalent of 160,000 pounds today or 336,656 US Dollars, The Osmanli Traveller blog has copied to text a write up by a Christian Priest who wrote about the Sultan of the time in his travelogue.

His account mentions this incident briefly. What is interesting is that without knowing of the secret sending of the ships, the priest was already impressed with the character of the Sultan in his response to the Queen, as he stated;

“One or two anecdotes will put his character in its true light. During the year of famine in Ireland, the Sultan heard of the distress existing in that unhappy country; he immediately conveyed to the British ambassador his desire to aid in its relief, and tendered for that purpose a large sum of money.

It was intimated to him that it was thought right to limit the sum subscribed by the Queen, and a larger amount could not therefore be received from his highness. He at once acquiesced in the propriety of his resolution, and with many expressions of benevolent sympathy, sent the greatest admissible subscription.

It is well known that his own personal feeling dictated the noble reply of the divan to the threatening demands of Austria and Russia for the extradition of the Polish and Hungarian refugees. “I am not ignorant,” was his reply, “of the power of those empires, nor of the ulterior measures to which their intimations point; but I am compelled by my religion to observe the laws of hospitality; and I believe that the sense and good feeling of Europe will not allow my government to be drawn into a ruinous war, because I resolve strictly and solemnly to adhere to them.”

This is the true spirit of Christianity, and there is more it in the Mohammedan Sultan of Turkey, than in any or all of the Christian princes of Eastern Europe.”

The Sultan of Turkey, Abdul Medjid Khan: A Brief Memoir of His Life and Reign, with Notices of The Country, its Navy, & present Prospects by the Rev. Henry Christmas, M.A., 1853

It should be noted that this generosity and compassion occurred during the time of the supposed “downfall” of the Ottoman empire according to the Western Orientalists point of view, and Sultan Abdul Majid in himself is not counted as one of the greatest of Ottoman Sultans.

Furthermore the help was offered solely on the ground of charity to the Irishmen, considering that there was no request for help made from the British Empire who at that time ruled the whole of Ireland.

During that period of time more than a million people died out of hunger and millions became refugees. Most of these people were forced to escape to the US and also to other countries, where Irishmen initially occupied the bottom layers of society.

It was interesting to note that the Irish did not forget the hand of friendship that Turkey had extended to them. In the aftermath of the end of the first world war, when the Islamic Caliphate was being dismantled, Yahya Kemal Beyatli (d. 1958), a famous Turkish poet and a former ambassador, had an interesting memory from the signing of the Treaty of Lausanne, in which he participated as a reporter.

He recounts that while all the plenipotentiaries of the allied powers (The British Empire, France, Italy, Japan, Greece, Romania, and the Serb- Croat-Slovene State) voted in unison in opposition to Turkey, the representative from Ireland was an exception; in each vote, he raised his hand in favour of Turkey’s interests.

Beyatli noticed this unusual person, and could not help asking him the reason, the Irish representative responded with;

“I am obliged to do it. Not only I, but are all Irish men and women, When we suffered from famine and disease, your Ottoman ancestors shipped loads of food and monetary donations. We have never forgotten the friendly hand extended to us in our difficult times. Your nation deserves to be supported on every occasion.”

I studied the Great Famine and the Michael Collins inspired uprisings in Ireland as part of my GCSE history, but of course this fact was never mentioned.

A simple examination of the events surrounding this engagement will open anyone’s eyes to the high station of the character of the Khaleefah’s combined with their skilful ability to traverse political waters to achieve moral, Islamic ends.

How many more facts remain buried in the annals of history of the positive steps that have been taken by Muslims to contributing towards a fairer and just society and civilisation?

Courtesy Of: Hotter Than A Pile Of Curry

1300 Years Of Islamic History In 3 Minutes

List Of Muslim Empires and Dynasties

Regional Empires

Saudi Arabia:

Umayyad Caliphate (661–750 CE)
Abbasid Caliphate (750–1258)
Mahra Sultanate (774–present)
Hamdanid dynasty (890–1004)
Bani Assad (961–1163)
Numayrids (990–1081 AD) (Western Iraq)[1]
Marwanid (990–1085)
Uqaylid Dynasty (992–1169)
Artuqids (11th–12th century)
Burid dynasty (1104–1154)
Mirdasids (1024–1080)
Banu ‘Ammar (1071–1109) Tripoli, Lebanon[2]
Zengid dynasty (1127–1250)
Ayyubid dynasty (1171–1341)
Baban (1649–1850)
Alawite State (1920–1936)
Hashemite Dynasty of Iraq (1921–1958)
Hashemite Dynasty of Jordan (1921–present)
Rashidun Caliphate (632–661 CE)
Ziyadid dynasty (819–1018)
Sharif of Mecca (864–1496)
Banu Ukhaidhir (865–1066)
Rassids (893–1970 AD)
Sharif of Mecca (967–1925)
Sulaihid State (1047–1138)
Banu ZARIE (Makarama) (1083–1200)[3][4][5]
Banu Hatem Alhmdanyen (1098–1174)[6][7][8][9]
Banu Masud (Makarama) (1093–1150) from Yemen[10]
Ayyubid dynasty (1174–1341)
Rasulid (1229–1454)
Kathiri (1395–1967)
Jabrids (15th–16th century)
Tahiride (1454–1526)
Sultanate of Oman (751–present)
Qawasim Dynasty (1727–present)
Qarmatians (900–1073)
Uyunid dynasty (1076–1240)
Usfurids (1253–1320 century)
Jarwanid dynasty (1305–1487)[11]
Sultanate of Lahej (1728–1744/1839)
Mahra Sultanate (18th century–1967)
Emirate of Diriyah (1744–1818)
House of Saud (1744–present)
House of Al-Sabah (1752–present)
Al Nahyan family (1761–present)
Ajman (18th Century–present)
Qawasim Dynasty (18th century–present)
Umm al-Quwain (1775–present)
Al Khalifa family (1783–present)
Emirate of Nejd (1818–1891)
Sultanate of Muscat and Oman (1820–1979)
Sultanate of Zanzibar
House of Thani (1825–present)
Al Maktoum (1833–present)
Emirate of Jabal Shammar (1836–1921)
Upper Yafa (19th century–1967)
Aden Protectorate (1869–1969)
Sharqi Dynasty (1876–present)
Qu’aiti (1902–1967)
Emirate of Beihan (1903–1967)
Kingdom of Hejaz (1916–1925)
Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen (1918–1962)
Mandatory Iraq (1920–1932)
Sultanate of Nejd (1921–1926)
Emirate of Transjordan (1921–1946)
Kingdom of Nejd and Hejaz (1926–1932)
Kingdom of Iraq (1932–1958)
Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (1946–present)
Arab Federation (1958)
Federation of Arab Emirates of the South (1959–1962)
Federation of South Arabia (1962–1967)
Protectorate of South Arabia (1963–1967)

Iranian Plateau and South Caucasus:

Shirvanshah (799–1579 CE)
Dulafid dynasty (early 9th century–897)
Samanid dynasty (819–999)
Tahirid dynasty (821–873)
Saffarid dynasty (861–1003)
Alavids (864–929)
Sajids (889–929)
Ziyarid dynasty (928–1043)
Farighunid (late 9th–early 11th centuries)
Ma’danids (late 9th–11th centuries)
Ormus (10th–17th centuries)
Buyid dynasty (934–1062)
Sallarid (942–979)
Shaddadid (951–1199)
Rawadid (955–1071)
Hasanwayhid (959–1015)
Ghaznavids (963–1187)
Marwanid (990–1085)
Annazid (990–1116)
Hadhabani (11th century)
Seljuq dynasty (11th–14th centuries)
Ismaili State of Alamut(Iran) (1090–1256)
Ghurids (1148–1215)
Hazaraspids (1148–1424)
Khorshidi dynasty (1155–1597)
Mihrabanids (1236–1537)
Ilkhanate (1256–1335)
Sarbadars (1332–1386)
Jalayirids (1335–1432)
Chupanids (1335–1357)
Injuids (1335–1357)
Muzaffarids of Iran (1335–1393)
Timurid dynasty (1370–1526)
Kara Koyunlu (1375–1468)
Ak Koyunlu (1378–1508)
Musha’sha’iyyah (1436–1729)
Safavid dynasty (1501–1736)
Khanate of Erevan (1604–1828)
Quba Khanate (1680–1816)
Hotaki dynasty (1709–1738)
Talysh Khanate (1747–1826)
Durrani Empire (1747–1826)
Baku Khanate
Afsharid dynasty (1736–1796)
Shaki Khanate (1743–1819)
Ganja khanate (1747–1804)
Karabakh Khanate (1747–1822)
Khanate of Nakhichevan (1747–1828)
Shirvan Khanate (1748–1820)
Zand dynasty (1750–1794)
Qajar dynasty (1794–1925)
Barakzai Dynasty (1826–1973)
Pahlavi dynasty (1925–1979)

Central Asia and China:

Kara-Khanid Khanate (840–1212 CE)
Al Muhtaj (10th–early 11th centuries)
Khwārazm-Shāh dynasty (1077–1231)
Kartids (1231–1389)
Timurid dynasty (1370–1526)
Kazakh Khanate (1456–1731)
Khanate of Bukhara (1500–1785)
Mughal Empire (1526–1857)
Khanate of Khiva (1511–1920)
Khanate of Kokand (1709–1876)
Jahangiri (Gabari) Dynasty (1200–1531)

South Asia:

Soomra Dynasty, Soomra (1026–1351 CE)
House of Theemuge (1166–1388)
Jahangiri(Gabari) Dynasty (1200–1531)
Mamluk Sultanate (Delhi) (1206–1290)
Khilji dynasty (1290–1320)
Tughlaq Dynasty (1321–1398)
Samma Dynasty (1335–1520)
Sayyid Dynasty (1339–1561)
Ilyas Shahi dynasty (1342–1487)
Bahmani Sultanate (1347–1527)
Faruqi dynasty (1382–1601)
Hilaalee dynasty (1388–1558)
Muzaffarid dynasty of Gujarat (1391–1734)
Sharqi Dynasty (1394–1479)
Kingdom of Mysore (1399–1947)
Bahmani (1400–1600)
Malwa Sultanate (1401–1561)
Sayyid dynasty (1414–1451)
Lodi Dynasty (1451–1526)
Bidar Sultanate (1489–1619)
Berar Sultanate (1490–1572)
Hussain Shahi dynasty (1494–1538)
Arghun Dynasty (late 15th–16th centuries)
Mughal Empire (1526–1857)
Adil Shahi dynasty (1527–1686)
Suri Dynasty (1540–1556)
Arakkal (1545–18th century)
Utheemu dynasty (1632–1692)
Khan of Kalat (1666–1958)
Nawab of the Carnatic (1690–1801)
Isdhoo dynasty (1692–1704)
Dhiyamigili dynasty (1704–1759)
Nawab of Bhopal (1723–1947)
Nawab of Rampur (1719–1947)
Nawab of Awadh (1722–1858)
Hyderabad State (1724–1948)
Babi dynasty (1735–1947)
Nawab of Bengal (1717–1880)
Huraa dynasty (1759–1968)
Tonk (princely state) (1798–1947)
Dominion of Pakistan (1947–1956)
Islamic Republic of Pakistan (1956–present)
Republic of Maldives (1965–present)
Peoples Republic of Bangladesh (1971–present)
Khairpur (princely state)
Nagar (princely state)
Hunza (princely state)
Bahawalpur (princely state)
Mirpur (princely state)
Kalat (princely state)
Las Bela (princely state)
Makran (princely state)
Kharan (princely state)
Amb (princely state)
Chitral (princely state)
Dir (princely state)
Hunza (princely state)
Jandol (princely state)
Nagar (princely state)
Phulra (princely state)
Swat (princely state)
Yasin (princely state)
Gilgit (princely state)
Shanig perthawar (princely state)

South-East Asia:

Perlak (mid-9th century-13th century)
Samudera Pasai Sultanate (1128–1285 CE).[12]
Bandar Kalibah.[13]
Moira Malaya.[14]
Kanto Kambar.[15]
Robaromun.[16]
Kedah Sultanate (1136–present)
Pasai (1267–15th century)
Brunei (14th century–present)
Sultanate of Malacca (1402–1511)
Pahang Sultanate (mid-15th century–present)
Sultanate of Sulu (1450–1936)
Sultanate of Ternate (1465–present)
Sultanate of Demak (1475–1518)
Aceh Sultanate (1496–1903)
Kingdom of Maynila (1500’s–1571)
Mataram Sultanate (1500’s – 1700’s)
Pattani Kingdom (1516–1771)
Sultanate of Maguindanao (1520–c. 1800)
Sultanate of Banten (1526–1813)
Perak Sultanate (1528–present)
Kingdom of Pajang (1568–1586)
Sultanate of Terengganu (1725–present)
Selangor Sultanate (mid-18th century–present)
Surakarta Sunanate (1745–present)
Yogyakarta Sultanate (1755–present)
Kingdom of Aman (1485–1832)
Palembang (1550–1823)
Sultanate of Lanao (Pat a pangampong sa Ranao) (15th Century-Present) Mindanao

Turkey:

Danishmends (1071–1178 CE)
Mengujekids (1071–1277)
Saltukids (1072–1202)
Sultanate of Rum (1077–1307)
Ahlatshahs (1100–1207)
Ayyubid dynasty (1174–1341)
Chobanids (1227–1309)
Karamanids (c. 1250–1487)
Pervâneoğlu (1261–1322)
Menteşe (c. 1261–1424)
Ahis (c. 1380–1362)
Hamidids (c. 1280–1374)
Ottoman Empire (1299–1923)
Ladik (c. 1300–1368)
Isfendiyarids (c. 1300–1461)
Teke (1301–1423)
Sarukhanids (1302–1410)
Karasids (1303–1360)
Aydinids (1307–1425)
Eretnids (1328–1381)
Dulkadirids (1348–c. 1525)
Ramadanids (1352–1516)
Hatay Devleti (1938–1939)

North Africa:

Egypt and Sudan

Main dynasties:

Tulunids (868–905)
Ikhshidid dynasty (on behalf of the Abbasid Caliph, 935–969)
Fatimid dynasty (based in Ifriqiya 909–969, based in Egypt 969–1171)
Ayyubid dynasty (based in Egypt 1171–1250, based in Syria 1250–1341)
Mamluks of Egypt (Bahri Mamluks 1250–1382, Burji Mamluks 1382–1517)
Khedivian dynasty (1805–1952)

Independent kingdoms in Egyptian and Sudanese soils:

Banu Kanz (1004–1412)[17]
Sultanate of Darfur (1603–1874)

Ifriqiya (Eastern Maghreb)

Ifriqiyan dynasties:

Aghlabids (on behalf of the Abbasid Caliph, 800–909)
Fatimid dynasty (based in Ifriqiya 909–969, based in Egypt 969–1171)
Zirid dynasty (on behalf of the Fatimid Caliph 973–1048, independent 1048–1148)
Hafsid dynasty (1229–1574)
Muradid dynasty (1613–1705)
Husainid Dynasty (on behalf of the Ottoman Caliph 1705–1889, independent 1956–1957)

Independent kingdoms on Ifriqiyan soil

Muhallabid principality (771–793 CE)

Libyan dynasties (after 1551)

Karamanli dynasty (on behalf of the Ottoman Caliph, 1711–1835)
Senussi dynasty (in Cyrenaica 1918–1951, Kings of Libya 1951–1969)

Maghreb al-Aksa (Western Maghreb)

Moroccan dynasties:

Idrisid dynasty (788–974)
Almoravid dynasty (1040–1147)
Almohad dynasty (1147–1248)
Marinid dynasty (1244–1465)
Wattasid dynasty (1472–1554)
Saadi Dynasty (1554–1659)
Alaouite Dynasty (1666–present)

Independent kingdoms on Moroccan soil

Emirate of Nekor (710–1019 CE)
Barghawata kingdom (744–1058 CE)
Emirate of Sijilmasa (771–821 CE)
Independent kingdoms on Algerian soil
Rustamid principality (776–909)
Ifranid dynasty (790–1066)
Hammadid dynasty (1008–1152)
Ziyyanid dynasty (1235–1556)

Horn Of Africa

Sultanate of Mogadishu (10th–16th centuries)
Ifat Sultanate (1285–1415)
Warsangali Sultanate (1298–present)
Adal Sultanate (c. 1415–1555)
Walashma Dynasty (14th–16th centuries)
Ajuran Empire (14th–17th centuries)
Aussa Sultanate (16th century–present)
Emirs of Harar (1647–1887)
Mudaito dynasty (1734–present)
Geledi sultanate (18th–19th centuries)
Majeerteen Sultanate (mid-18th century–early 20th century)
Kingdom of Gomma (early 19th century–1886)
Kingdom of Jimma (1830–1932)
Kingdom of Gumma (1840–1902)
Sultanate of Hobyo (19th century–1925)
Dervish State (1896–1920)

Southeast Africa

Kilwa Sultanate (957–1513 CE)[18]
Pate Sultanate (1203–1870)
Sennar (sultanate) (1523–1821)
Sultans on the Comoros
Sultanate of Zanzibar (1856–1964)
Wituland (1858–1923)

Central & West Africa

Kingdom of Nekor (710–1019 CE)
Za Dynasty in Gao (11th century–1275)
Sayfawa dynasty (1075–1846)
Songhai Empire (c. 1340–1591)
Bornu Empire (1396–1893)
Kingdom of Baguirmi (1522–1897)
Dendi Kingdom (1591–1901)
Sultanate of Damagaram (1731–1851)
Imamate of Futa Toro (1776–1861)
Imamate of Futa Jallon (1727–1896)
Sokoto Caliphate (1804–1903)
Toucouleur Empire (1836–1890)

Europe:

Sicily

Aghlabid Sicily (827–909) CE
Kalbids (948–1053)

Iberia
Caliphate of Córdoba (756–1017 CE, 1023–1031)
Taifa of Alpuente (1009–1106)
Taifa of Badajoz (1009–1151)
Taifa of Morón (1010–1066)
Taifa of Toledo (1010–1085)
Taifa of Tortosa (1010–1099)
Taifa of Arcos (1011–1145)
Taifa of Almería (1010–1147)
Taifa of Denia (1010–1227)
Taifa of Valencia (1010–1238)
Taifa of Murcia (1011–1266)
Taifa of Albarracín (1012–1104)
Taifa of Zaragoza (1013–1110)
Taifa of Granada (1013–1145)
Taifa of Carmona (1013–1150)
Hammudid dynasty (1016–1073)
Taifa of Santa María de Algarve (1018–1051)
Taifa of Mallorca (1018–1203)
Taifa of Lisbon (1022–1093)
Taifa of Seville (1023–1091)
Taifa of Niebla (1023–1262)
Taifa of Córdoba (1031–1091)
Taifa of Mértola (1033–1151)
Taifa of Algeciras (1035–1058)
Taifa of Ronda (1039–1065)
Taifa of Silves (1040–1151)
Taifa of Málaga (1073–1239)
Taifa of Molina (c. 1080’s–1100)
Taifa of Lorca (1228–1250)
Taifa of Menorca (1228–1287)
Emirate of Granada (1228–1492)

Eastern Europe & Russia:

Volga Bulgaria (7th century–1240s CE)
Emirate of Crete (820s–961)
Avar Khanate (early 13th–19th century)
Khanate of Kazan (1438–1552)
Crimean Khanate (1441–1783)
Nogai Horde (1440s–1634)
Qasim Khanate (1452–1681)
Astrakhan Khanate (1466–1556)
Khanate of Sibir (1490–1598)
Pashalik of Scutari (1757–1831)
House of Zogu (1928–1939)

SEE ALSO:

Caliphate
Historical powers
Empires
Timeline of Middle Eastern History
Muslim conquests
Muslim history
Global Empire
List of Sunni Muslim dynasties
List of Shi’a Muslim dynasties
Muslim World
Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
List of Muslim Countries
Islamic Golden Age

[Above info via: Wikipedia]

Mexican Indigenous Muslims

VICE Mexico traveled to San Cristóbal—in the southern state of Chiapas, Mexico—to meet Cheb Cheb Ibrahim, one of the first Mexican Indians to convert to Islam and a member of the only indigenous Muslim community in Mexico. There, Cheb Cheb showed off the mosque he has built with the help of Muslim architect Percy Moranchel.

The Lost Libraries Of Timbuktu

Aminatta Forna tells the story of legendary Timbuktu and its long hidden legacy of hundreds of thousands of ancient manuscripts. With its university founded around the same time as Oxford.

Timbuktu is proof that the reading and writing of books have long been as important to Africans as to Europeans.